Kayobe has a number of test suites covering different areas of code. Many tests are run in virtual environments using tox.


System Prerequisites

The following packages should be installed on the development system prior to running kayobe’s tests.

  • Ubuntu/Debian:

    sudo apt-get install build-essential python3-dev libssl-dev python3-pip git
  • Fedora or CentOS Stream 9/Rocky 9/RHEL 9:

    sudo dnf install python3-devel openssl-devel python3-pip git gcc
  • OpenSUSE/SLE 12:

    sudo zypper install python3-devel python3-pip libopenssl-devel git

Python Prerequisites

If your distro has at least tox 1.8, use your system package manager to install the python-tox package. Otherwise install this on all distros:

sudo pip install -U tox

You may need to explicitly upgrade virtualenv if you’ve installed the one from your OS distribution and it is too old (tox will complain). You can upgrade it individually, if you need to:

sudo pip install -U virtualenv

Running Unit Tests Locally

If you haven’t already, the kayobe source code should be pulled directly from git:

# from your home or source directory
cd ~
git clone https://opendev.org/openstack/kayobe.git -b master
cd kayobe

Running Unit and Style Tests

Kayobe defines a number of different tox environments in tox.ini. The default environments may be displayed:

tox -list

To run all default environments:


To run one or more specific environments, including any of the non-default environments:

tox -e <environment>[,<environment>]


The following tox environments are provided:


Run Ansible linter.


Run Ansible tests for some ansible roles using Ansible playbooks.


Run a syntax check for all Ansible files.


Build Sphinx documentation.


Run Ansible tests for some Ansible roles using the molecule test framework.


Run style checks for all shell, python and documentation files.


Run python unit tests for kayobe python module.

Writing Tests

Unit Tests

Unit tests follow the lead of OpenStack, and use unittest. One difference is that tests are run using the discovery functionality built into unittest, rather than ostestr/stestr. Unit tests are found in kayobe/tests/unit/, and should be added to cover all new python code.

Ansible Role Tests

Two types of test exist for Ansible roles - pure Ansible and molecule tests.

Pure Ansible Role Tests

These tests exist for the kolla-ansible role, and are found in ansible/<role>/tests/*.yml. The role is exercised using an ansible playbook.

Molecule Role Tests

Molecule is an Ansible role testing framework that allows roles to be tested in isolation, in a stable environment, under multiple scenarios. Kayobe uses Docker engine to provide the test environment, so this must be installed and running on the development system.

Molecule scenarios are found in ansible/<role>/molecule/<scenario>, and defined by the config file ansible/<role>/molecule/<scenario>/molecule.yml Tests are written in python using the pytest framework, and are found in ansible/<role>/molecule/<scenario>/tests/test_*.py.

Molecule tests currently exist for the kolla-openstack role, and should be added for all new roles where practical.