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Test environment example

Here is an example test environment for a working OpenStack-Ansible (OSA) deployment with a small number of servers.

This example environment has the following characteristics:

  • One infrastructure (control plane) host (8 vCPU, 8 GB RAM, 60 GB HDD)

  • One compute host (8 vCPU, 8 GB RAM, 60 GB HDD)

  • One Network Interface Card (NIC) for each host

  • A basic compute kit environment, with the Image (glance) and Compute (nova) services set to use file-backed storage.

  • Internet access via the router address 172.29.236.1 on the Management Network

Test environment host layout

Network configuration

Switch port configuration

The following example provides a good reference for switch configuration and cab layout. This example may be more that what is required for basic setups however it can be adjusted to just about any configuration. Additionally you will need to adjust the VLANS noted within this example to match your environment.

Switch port configuration example

Network CIDR/VLAN assignments

The following CIDR and VLAN assignments are used for this environment.

Network

CIDR

VLAN

Management Network

172.29.236.0/22

10

Tunnel (VXLAN) Network

172.29.240.0/22

30

Storage Network

172.29.244.0/22

20

IP assignments

The following host name and IP address assignments are used for this environment.

Host name

Management IP

Tunnel (VxLAN) IP

Storage IP

infra1

172.29.236.11

172.29.240.11

compute1

172.29.236.12

172.29.240.12

172.29.244.12

storage1

172.29.236.13

172.29.244.13

Host network configuration

Each host will require the correct network bridges to be implemented. The following is the /etc/network/interfaces file for infra1.

Note

If your environment does not have eth0, but instead has p1p1 or some other interface name, ensure that all references to eth0 in all configuration files are replaced with the appropriate name. The same applies to additional network interfaces.

# This is a single-NIC configuration to implement the required bridges
# for OpenStack-Ansible. This illustrates the configuration of the first
# Infrastructure host and the IP addresses assigned should be adapted
# for implementation on the other hosts.
#
# After implementing this configuration, the host will need to be
# rebooted.

# Physical interface
auto eth0
iface eth0 inet manual

# Container/Host management VLAN interface
auto eth0.10
iface eth0.10 inet manual
    vlan-raw-device eth0

# OpenStack Networking VXLAN (tunnel/overlay) VLAN interface
auto eth0.30
iface eth0.30 inet manual
    vlan-raw-device eth0

# Storage network VLAN interface (optional)
auto eth0.20
iface eth0.20 inet manual
    vlan-raw-device eth0

# Container/Host management bridge
auto br-mgmt
iface br-mgmt inet static
    bridge_stp off
    bridge_waitport 0
    bridge_fd 0
    bridge_ports eth0.10
    address 172.29.236.11
    netmask 255.255.252.0
    gateway 172.29.236.1
    dns-nameservers 8.8.8.8 8.8.4.4

# Bind the External VIP
auto br-mgmt:0
iface br-mgmt:0 inet static
    address 172.29.236.10
    netmask 255.255.252.0

# OpenStack Networking VXLAN (tunnel/overlay) bridge
#
# The COMPUTE, NETWORK and INFRA nodes must have an IP address
# on this bridge.
#
auto br-vxlan
iface br-vxlan inet static
    bridge_stp off
    bridge_waitport 0
    bridge_fd 0
    bridge_ports eth0.30
    address 172.29.240.11
    netmask 255.255.252.0

# OpenStack Networking VLAN bridge
auto br-vlan
iface br-vlan inet manual
    bridge_stp off
    bridge_waitport 0
    bridge_fd 0
    bridge_ports eth0

# compute1 Network VLAN bridge
#auto br-vlan
#iface br-vlan inet manual
#    bridge_stp off
#    bridge_waitport 0
#    bridge_fd 0
#
# For tenant vlan support, create a veth pair to be used when the neutron
# agent is not containerized on the compute hosts. 'eth12' is the value used on
# the host_bind_override parameter of the br-vlan network section of the
# openstack_user_config example file. The veth peer name must match the value
# specified on the host_bind_override parameter.
#
# When the neutron agent is containerized it will use the container_interface
# value of the br-vlan network, which is also the same 'eth12' value.
#
# Create veth pair, do not abort if already exists
#    pre-up ip link add br-vlan-veth type veth peer name eth12 || true
# Set both ends UP
#    pre-up ip link set br-vlan-veth up
#    pre-up ip link set eth12 up
# Delete veth pair on DOWN
#    post-down ip link del br-vlan-veth || true
#    bridge_ports eth0 br-vlan-veth

# Storage bridge (optional)
#
# Only the COMPUTE and STORAGE nodes must have an IP address
# on this bridge. When used by infrastructure nodes, the
# IP addresses are assigned to containers which use this
# bridge.
#
auto br-storage
iface br-storage inet manual
    bridge_stp off
    bridge_waitport 0
    bridge_fd 0
    bridge_ports eth0.20

# compute1 Storage bridge
#auto br-storage
#iface br-storage inet static
#    bridge_stp off
#    bridge_waitport 0
#    bridge_fd 0
#    bridge_ports eth0.20
#    address 172.29.244.12
#    netmask 255.255.252.0

Deployment configuration

Environment layout

The /etc/openstack_deploy/openstack_user_config.yml file defines the environment layout.

The following configuration describes the layout for this environment.

---
cidr_networks:
  container: 172.29.236.0/22
  tunnel: 172.29.240.0/22
  storage: 172.29.244.0/22

used_ips:
  - "172.29.236.1,172.29.236.50"
  - "172.29.240.1,172.29.240.50"
  - "172.29.244.1,172.29.244.50"
  - "172.29.248.1,172.29.248.50"

global_overrides:
  # The internal and external VIP should be different IPs, however they
  # do not need to be on separate networks.
  external_lb_vip_address: 172.29.236.10
  internal_lb_vip_address: 172.29.236.11
  management_bridge: "br-mgmt"
  provider_networks:
    - network:
        container_bridge: "br-mgmt"
        container_type: "veth"
        container_interface: "eth1"
        ip_from_q: "container"
        type: "raw"
        group_binds:
          - all_containers
          - hosts
        is_container_address: true
    - network:
        container_bridge: "br-vxlan"
        container_type: "veth"
        container_interface: "eth10"
        ip_from_q: "tunnel"
        type: "vxlan"
        range: "1:1000"
        net_name: "vxlan"
        group_binds:
          - neutron_linuxbridge_agent
    - network:
        container_bridge: "br-vlan"
        container_type: "veth"
        container_interface: "eth12"
        host_bind_override: "eth12"
        type: "flat"
        net_name: "flat"
        group_binds:
          - neutron_linuxbridge_agent
    - network:
        container_bridge: "br-vlan"
        container_type: "veth"
        container_interface: "eth11"
        type: "vlan"
        range: "101:200,301:400"
        net_name: "vlan"
        group_binds:
          - neutron_linuxbridge_agent
    - network:
        container_bridge: "br-storage"
        container_type: "veth"
        container_interface: "eth2"
        ip_from_q: "storage"
        type: "raw"
        group_binds:
          - glance_api
          - cinder_api
          - cinder_volume
          - nova_compute

###
### Infrastructure
###

# galera, memcache, rabbitmq, utility
shared-infra_hosts:
  infra1:
    ip: 172.29.236.11

# repository (apt cache, python packages, etc)
repo-infra_hosts:
  infra1:
    ip: 172.29.236.11

# load balancer
haproxy_hosts:
  infra1:
    ip: 172.29.236.11

###
### OpenStack
###

# keystone
identity_hosts:
  infra1:
    ip: 172.29.236.11

# cinder api services
storage-infra_hosts:
  infra1:
    ip: 172.29.236.11

# glance
image_hosts:
  infra1:
    ip: 172.29.236.11

# nova api, conductor, etc services
compute-infra_hosts:
  infra1:
    ip: 172.29.236.11

# heat
orchestration_hosts:
  infra1:
    ip: 172.29.236.11

# horizon
dashboard_hosts:
  infra1:
    ip: 172.29.236.11

# neutron server, agents (L3, etc)
network_hosts:
  infra1:
    ip: 172.29.236.11

# nova hypervisors
compute_hosts:
  compute1:
    ip: 172.29.236.12

# cinder storage host (LVM-backed)
storage_hosts:
  storage1:
    ip: 172.29.236.13
    container_vars:
      cinder_backends:
        limit_container_types: cinder_volume
        lvm:
          volume_group: cinder-volumes
          volume_driver: cinder.volume.drivers.lvm.LVMVolumeDriver
          volume_backend_name: LVM_iSCSI
          iscsi_ip_address: "172.29.244.13"

Environment customizations

The optionally deployed files in /etc/openstack_deploy/env.d allow the customization of Ansible groups. This allows the deployer to set whether the services will run in a container (the default), or on the host (on metal).

For this environment you do not need the /etc/openstack_deploy/env.d folder as the defaults set by OpenStack-Ansible are suitable.

User variables

The /etc/openstack_deploy/user_variables.yml file defines the global overrides for the default variables.

For this environment, if you want to use the same IP address for the internal and external endpoints, you will need to ensure that the internal and public OpenStack endpoints are served with the same protocol. This is done with the following content:

---
# This file contains an example of the global variable overrides
# which may need to be set for a production environment.

## OpenStack public endpoint protocol
openstack_service_publicuri_proto: http