Verifikasi OpenStack-Ansible Cloud

[ English | Indonesia | Deutsch | 한국어 (대한민국) | English (United Kingdom) ]

Verifikasi OpenStack-Ansible Cloud

Bab ini dimaksudkan untuk mendokumentasikan operasi OpenStack dasar untuk memverifikasi penerapan OpenStack-Ansible Anda.

Ini menjelaskan bagaimana CLI dapat digunakan sebagai admin dan pengguna, untuk memastikan perilaku baik cloud Anda.

[ English | Indonesia | Deutsch | 한국어 (대한민국) | English (United Kingdom) ]

Periksa cloud OpenStack-Ansible Anda

Bab ini membahas langkah-langkah verifikasi untuk operasi dasar OpenStack API dan dasbor, sebagai administrator.

Catatan

Kontainer utilitas menyediakan lingkungan CLI untuk konfigurasi dan pengujian tambahan.

  1. Akses kontainer utilitas:

    $ lxc-attach -n `lxc-ls -1 | grep utility | head -n 1`
    
  2. Beri sumber kredensial penyewa (tenant credential) admin:

    $ . ~/openrc
    
  3. Jalankan perintah OpenStack yang menggunakan satu atau lebih API. Sebagai contoh:

    $ openstack user list --domain default
    +----------------------------------+--------------------+
    | ID                               | Name               |
    +----------------------------------+--------------------+
    | 04007b990d9442b59009b98a828aa981 | glance             |
    | 0ccf5f2020ca4820847e109edd46e324 | keystone           |
    | 1dc5f638d4d840c690c23d5ea83c3429 | neutron            |
    | 3073d0fa5ced46f098215d3edb235d00 | cinder             |
    | 5f3839ee1f044eba921a7e8a23bb212d | admin              |
    | 61bc8ee7cc9b4530bb18acb740ee752a | stack_domain_admin |
    | 77b604b67b79447eac95969aafc81339 | alt_demo           |
    | 85c5bf07393744dbb034fab788d7973f | nova               |
    | a86fc12ade404a838e3b08e1c9db376f | swift              |
    | bbac48963eff4ac79314c42fc3d7f1df | ceilometer         |
    | c3c9858cbaac4db9914e3695b1825e41 | dispersion         |
    | cd85ca889c9e480d8ac458f188f16034 | demo               |
    | efab6dc30c96480b971b3bd5768107ab | heat               |
    +----------------------------------+--------------------+
    
  4. Dengan browser web, akses Dasbor menggunakan alamat IP penyeimbang beban eksternal. Ini ditentukan oleh opsi external_lb_vip_address pada file /etc/openstack_deploy/openstack_user_config.yml. Dasbor menggunakan HTTPS di port 443.

  5. Otentikasi menggunakan username admin dan kata sandi yang ditentukan oleh opsi keystone_auth_admin_password dalam file /etc/openstack_deploy/user_secrets.yml.

  6. Jalankan perintah OpenStack untuk mengungkapkan semua titik akhir dari penerapan Anda. Sebagai contoh:

    $ openstack endpoint list
    +----------------+-----------+--------------+----------------+---------+-----------+---------------------------------------------------+
    | ID             | Region    | Service Name | Service Type   | Enabled | Interface | URL                                               |
    +----------------+-----------+--------------+----------------+---------+-----------+---------------------------------------------------+
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | cinderv2     | volumev2       | True    | admin     | http://172.29.236.100:8776/v2/%(project_id)s      |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | cinder       | volume         | True    | public    | https://10.23.100.127:8776/v1/%(project_id)s      |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | aodh         | alarming       | True    | internal  | http://172.29.236.100:8042                        |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | glance       | image          | True    | public    | https://10.23.100.127:9292                        |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | cinderv2     | volumev2       | True    | internal  | http://172.29.236.100:8776/v2/%(project_id)s      |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | heat-cfn     | cloudformation | True    | admin     | http://172.29.236.100:8000/v1                     |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | neutron      | network        | True    | admin     | http://172.29.236.100:9696                        |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | aodh         | alarming       | True    | public    | https://10.23.100.127:8042                        |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | nova         | compute        | True    | admin     | http://172.29.236.100:8774/v2.1/%(project_id)s    |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | heat-cfn     | cloudformation | True    | internal  | http://172.29.236.100:8000/v1                     |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | swift        | object-store   | True    | public    | https://10.23.100.127:8080/v1/AUTH_%(project_id)s |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | designate    | dns            | True    | admin     | http://172.29.236.100:9001                        |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | cinderv2     | volumev2       | True    | public    | https://10.23.100.127:8776/v2/%(project_id)s      |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | keystone     | identity       | True    | admin     | http://172.29.236.100:5000/v3                     |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | ceilometer   | metering       | True    | admin     | http://172.29.236.100:8777/                       |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | nova         | compute        | True    | public    | https://10.23.100.127:8774/v2.1/%(project_id)s    |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | keystone     | identity       | True    | internal  | http://172.29.236.100:5000/v3                     |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | nova         | compute        | True    | internal  | http://172.29.236.100:8774/v2.1/%(project_id)s    |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | gnocchi      | metric         | True    | public    | https://10.23.100.127:8041                        |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | neutron      | network        | True    | internal  | http://172.29.236.100:9696                        |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | aodh         | alarming       | True    | admin     | http://172.29.236.100:8042                        |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | heat         | orchestration  | True    | admin     | http://172.29.236.100:8004/v1/%(project_id)s      |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | glance       | image          | True    | internal  | http://172.29.236.100:9292                        |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | designate    | dns            | True    | internal  | http://172.29.236.100:9001                        |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | cinder       | volume         | True    | internal  | http://172.29.236.100:8776/v1/%(project_id)s      |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | heat-cfn     | cloudformation | True    | public    | https://10.23.100.127:8000/v1                     |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | ceilometer   | metering       | True    | public    | https://10.23.100.127:8777                        |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | designate    | dns            | True    | public    | http://10.23.100.127:9001                         |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | swift        | object-store   | True    | admin     | http://172.29.236.100:8080/v1/AUTH_%(project_id)s |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | heat         | orchestration  | True    | internal  | http://172.29.236.100:8004/v1/%(project_id)s      |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | ceilometer   | metering       | True    | internal  | http://172.29.236.100:8777                        |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | cinder       | volume         | True    | admin     | http://172.29.236.100:8776/v1/%(project_id)s      |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | swift        | object-store   | True    | internal  | http://172.29.236.100:8080/v1/AUTH_%(project_id)s |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | neutron      | network        | True    | public    | https://10.23.100.127:9696                        |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | heat         | orchestration  | True    | public    | https://10.23.100.127:8004/v1/%(project_id)s      |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | gnocchi      | metric         | True    | admin     | http://172.29.236.100:8041                        |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | gnocchi      | metric         | True    | internal  | http://172.29.236.100:8041                        |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | keystone     | identity       | True    | public    | https://10.23.100.127:5000/v3                     |
    | [ID truncated] | RegionOne | glance       | image          | True    | admin     | http://172.29.236.100:9292                        |
    +----------------+-----------+--------------+----------------+---------+-----------+---------------------------------------------------+
    
  7. Jalankan perintah OpenStack untuk memastikan semua layanan komputasi bekerja (output tergantung pada konfigurasi Anda) Misalnya:

    $ openstack compute service list
    +----+------------------+----------------------------------------+----------+---------+-------+----------------------------+
    | ID | Binary           | Host                                   | Zone     | Status  | State | Updated At                 |
    +----+------------------+----------------------------------------+----------+---------+-------+----------------------------+
    |  1 | nova-conductor   | aio1-nova-conductor-container-5482ff27 | internal | enabled | up    | 2018-02-14T15:34:42.000000 |
    |  2 | nova-scheduler   | aio1-nova-scheduler-container-0b594e89 | internal | enabled | up    | 2018-02-14T15:34:47.000000 |
    |  5 | nova-consoleauth | aio1-nova-console-container-835ca240   | internal | enabled | up    | 2018-02-14T15:34:47.000000 |
    |  6 | nova-compute     | ubuntu-bionic                          | nova     | enabled | up    | 2018-02-14T15:34:42.000000 |
    +----+------------------+----------------------------------------+----------+---------+-------+----------------------------+
    
  8. Jalankan perintah OpenStack untuk memastikan layanan jaringan berfungsi (hasilnya juga tergantung pada konfigurasi Anda) Misalnya:

    $ openstack network agent list
    +--------------------------------------+----------------------+----------------------------------------+-------------------+-------+-------+---------------------------+
    | ID                                   | Agent Type           | Host                                   | Availability Zone | Alive | State | Binary                    |
    +--------------------------------------+----------------------+----------------------------------------+-------------------+-------+-------+---------------------------+
    | 262b29fe-e60e-44b0-ae3c-065565f8deb7 | Metering agent       | aio1-neutron-agents-container-2b0569d5 | None              | :-)   | UP    | neutron-metering-agent    |
    | 3f305216-46ea-42c4-9f9f-9910f58323ea | Loadbalancerv2 agent | aio1-neutron-agents-container-2b0569d5 | None              | :-)   | UP    | neutron-lbaasv2-agent     |
    | 615d12a8-e738-490a-8552-2a03c8544b51 | Metadata agent       | aio1-neutron-agents-container-2b0569d5 | None              | :-)   | UP    | neutron-metadata-agent    |
    | 99b2abd3-a330-4ca7-b524-ed176c10b31c | DHCP agent           | aio1-neutron-agents-container-2b0569d5 | nova              | :-)   | UP    | neutron-dhcp-agent        |
    | e0139a26-fbf7-4cee-a37f-90940dc5851f | Linux bridge agent   | aio1-neutron-agents-container-2b0569d5 | None              | :-)   | UP    | neutron-linuxbridge-agent |
    | feb20ed4-4346-4ad9-b50c-41efd784f2e9 | L3 agent             | aio1-neutron-agents-container-2b0569d5 | nova              | :-)   | UP    | neutron-l3-agent          |
    +--------------------------------------+----------------------+----------------------------------------+-------------------+-------+-------+---------------------------+
    
  9. Jalankan perintah OpenStack untuk memastikan layanan penyimpanan blok berfungsi (tergantung pada konfigurasi Anda). Sebagai contoh:

    $ openstack volume service list
    +------------------+------------------------------------------+------+---------+-------+----------------------------+
    | Binary           | Host                                     | Zone | Status  | State | Updated At                 |
    +------------------+------------------------------------------+------+---------+-------+----------------------------+
    | cinder-scheduler | aio1-cinder-scheduler-container-ff4c6c1e | nova | enabled | up    | 2018-02-14T15:37:21.000000 |
    | cinder-volume    | ubuntu-bionic@lvm                        | nova | enabled | up    | 2018-02-14T15:37:25.000000 |
    | cinder-backup    | ubuntu-bionic                            | nova | enabled | up    | 2018-02-14T15:37:21.000000 |
    +------------------+------------------------------------------+------+---------+-------+----------------------------+
    
  10. Jalankan perintah OpenStack untuk memastikan layanan penyimpanan image berfungsi (tergantung pada gambar yang Anda unggah). Sebagai contoh:

    $ openstack image list
    +--------------------------------------+--------+--------+
    | ID                                   | Name   | Status |
    +--------------------------------------+--------+--------+
    | 6092d7b3-87c1-4d6c-a822-66c0c6171bd3 | cirros | active |
    +--------------------------------------+--------+--------+
    
  11. Periksa kesehatan API backend pada node penyeimbang beban (load balancer) Anda. Misalnya, jika menggunakan haproxy, pastikan tidak ada backend yang ditandai sebagai "DOWN":

    $ hatop -s /var/run/haproxy.stat
    

[ English | Indonesia | Deutsch | 한국어 (대한민국) | English (United Kingdom) ]

Konfigurasikan jaringan pertama Anda

OpenStack-Ansible yang baru digunakan tidak memiliki jaringan secara default. Jika Anda perlu menambahkan jaringan, Anda dapat menggunakan CLI openstack, atau Anda dapat menggunakan modul ansible untuk itu.

Contoh untuk yang terakhir adalah di repositori openstack-ansible-ops, di bawah openstack-service-setup.yml playbook.

[ English | Indonesia | Deutsch | 한국어 (대한민국) | English (United Kingdom) ]

Gunakan klien command line

Bagian ini menjelaskan beberapa perintah yang lebih umum untuk menggunakan cloud OpenStack Anda.

Masuk ke kotak utilitas apa pun atau instal klien openstack di komputer Anda, dan jalankan perintah berikut:

Perintah openstack flavor list mencantumkan flavors yang tersedia. Ini adalah berbagai ukuran disk yang dapat ditetapkan untuk images:

$ openstack flavor list
+-----+-----------+-------+------+-----------+-------+-----------+
| ID  | Name      |   RAM | Disk | Ephemeral | VCPUs | Is Public |
+-----+-----------+-------+------+-----------+-------+-----------+
| 1   | m1.tiny   |   512 |    1 |         0 |     1 | True      |
| 2   | m1.small  |  2048 |   20 |         0 |     1 | True      |
| 3   | m1.medium |  4096 |   40 |         0 |     2 | True      |
| 4   | m1.large  |  8192 |   80 |         0 |     4 | True      |
| 5   | m1.xlarge | 16384 |  160 |         0 |     8 | True      |
+-----+-----------+-------+------+-----------+-------+-----------+

Perintah openstack floating ip list mencantumkan alamat IP mengambang yang tersedia saat ini dan instance yang terkait dengan:

$ openstack floating ip list
+------------------+---------------------+------------------+---------+-------------------+---------------+
| ID               | Floating IP Address | Fixed IP Address | Port    | Floating Network  | Project       |
+------------------+---------------------+------------------+---------+-------------------+---------------+
| 0a88589a-ffac... | 192.168.12.7        | None             | None    | d831dac6-028c...  | 32db2ccf2a... |
+------------------+---------------------+------------------+---------+-------------------+---------------+

Untuk informasi lebih lanjut tentang penggunaan klien OpenStack, lihat tautan ini:

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

Except where otherwise noted, this document is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. See all OpenStack Legal Documents.