Manage databases and users on Trove instances

Manage databases and users on Trove instances

Assume that you installed Trove service and uploaded images with datastore of your choice. This section shows how to manage users and databases in a MySQL 5.7 instance.

Add new database and user to an existing Trove instance

Trove provides API to manage users and databases on datastores including relational (e.g. MySQL, PostgreSQL) and non-relational (e.g. Redis, Cassandra). Once a Trove instance with a datastore of choice is active you can use Trove API to create new databases and/or users.

$ openstack database user list db-instance

  +------+------+-----------+
  | Name | Host | Databases |
  +------+------+-----------+
  | test | %    | testdb    |
  +------+------+-----------+

$ openstack database user create db-instance newuser userpass --databases testdb

$ openstack database user list db-instance

  +---------+------+-----------+
  | Name    | Host | Databases |
  +---------+------+-----------+
  | newuser | %    | testdb    |
  | test    | %    | testdb    |
  +---------+------+-----------+


$ mysql -h 172.24.4.199 -u newuser -p testdb
  Enter password:

  mysql> show databases;

  +--------------------+
  | Database           |
  +--------------------+
  | information_schema |
  | testdb             |
  +--------------------+

  2 rows in set (0.00 sec)


$ openstack database db create db-instance newdb


$ openstack database db list db-instance

  +--------+
  | Name   |
  +--------+
  | newdb  |
  | sys    |
  | testdb |
  +--------+

$ mysql -h 172.24.4.199 -u newuser -p newdb

  Enter password:
  ERROR 1044 (42000): Access denied for user 'newuser'@'%' to database 'newdb'

Manage access to databases

With Trove API you can grant and revoke database access rights for existing users.

$ openstack database user grant access db-instance newuser newdb


$ openstack database user show access db-instance newuser

  +--------+
  | Name   |
  +--------+
  | newdb  |
  | testdb |
  +--------+

$ mysql -h IP_ADDRESS -u newuser -p newdb
  Enter password:


$ openstack database user show access db-instance test

  +--------+
  | Name   |
  +--------+
  | testdb |
  +--------+

$ mysql -h IP_ADDRESS -u test -p newdb
  Enter password:

  ERROR 1044 (42000): Access denied for user 'test'@'%' to database 'newdb'


$ openstack database user revoke access db-instance newuser newdb


$ mysql -h IP_ADDRESS -u newuser -p newdb
  Enter password:

  ERROR 1044 (42000): Access denied for user 'newuser'@'%' to database 'newdb'

Delete databases

Lastly, Trove provides API for deleting databases.

$ openstack database db list db-instance

  +--------+
  | Name   |
  +--------+
  | newdb  |
  | sys    |
  | testdb |
  +--------+

$ openstack database db delete db-instance testdb

$ openstack database db list db-instance

  +--------+
  | Name   |
  +--------+
  | newdb  |
  | sys    |
  +--------+

$ mysql -h IP_ADDRESS -u test -p testdb
  Enter password:

  ERROR 1049 (42000): Unknown database 'testdb'
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