Set up database clustering

Set up database clustering

You can store data across multiple machines by setting up MongoDB sharded clusters.

Each cluster includes:

  • One or more shards. Each shard consists of a three member replica set (three instances organized as a replica set).

  • One or more query routers. A query router is the machine that your application actually connects to. This machine is responsible for communicating with the config server to figure out where the requested data is stored. It then accesses and returns the data from the appropriate shard(s).

  • One or more config servers. Config servers store the metadata that links requested data with the shard that contains it.

This example shows you how to set up a MongoDB sharded cluster.

Note

Before you begin. Make sure that:

Set up clustering

  1. Create a cluster

    Create a cluster by using the openstack database cluster create command. This command creates a one-shard cluster. Pass in:

    • The name of the cluster.

    • The name and version of the datastore you want to use.

    • The three instances you want to include in the replication set for the first shard. Specify each instance by using the --instance argument and the associated flavor ID and volume size. Use the same flavor ID and volume size for each instance. In this example, flavor 7 is a custom flavor that meets the MongoDB minimum requirements.

    $ openstack database cluster create cluster1 mongodb "2.4" \
      --instance flavor=7,volume=2 --instance flavor=7,volume=2 \
      --instance flavor=7,volume=2
     +-------------------+--------------------------------------+
     | Property          | Value                                |
     +-------------------+--------------------------------------+
     | created           | 2014-08-16T01:46:51                  |
     | datastore         | mongodb                              |
     | datastore_version | 2.4                                  |
     | id                | aa6ef0f5-dbef-48cd-8952-573ad881e717 |
     | name              | cluster1                             |
     | task_description  | Building the initial cluster.        |
     | task_name         | BUILDING                             |
     | updated           | 2014-08-16T01:46:51                  |
     +-------------------+--------------------------------------+
    
  2. Display cluster information

    Display information about a cluster by using the openstack database cluster show command. Pass in the ID of the cluster.

    The cluster ID displays when you first create a cluster. (If you need to find it later on, use the openstack database cluster list command to list the names and IDs of all the clusters in your system.)

    $ openstack database cluster show CLUSTER_ID
     +-------------------+--------------------------------------+
     | Property          | Value                                |
     +-------------------+--------------------------------------+
     | created           | 2014-08-16T01:46:51                  |
     | datastore         | mongodb                              |
     | datastore_version | 2.4                                  |
     | id                | aa6ef0f5-dbef-48cd-8952-573ad881e717 |
     | ip                | 10.0.0.2                             |
     | name              | cluster1                             |
     | task_description  | No tasks for the cluster.            |
     | task_name         | NONE                                 |
     | updated           | 2014-08-16T01:59:33                  |
     +-------------------+--------------------------------------+
    

    Note

    Your application connects to this IP address. The openstack database cluster show command displays the IP address of the query router. This is the IP address your application uses to retrieve data from the database.

  3. List cluster instances

    List the instances in a cluster by using the openstack database cluster list instances command.

    $ openstack database cluster list instances CLUSTER_ID
    +--------------------------------------+----------------+-----------+------+
    | ID                                   | Name           | Flavor ID | Size |
    +--------------------------------------+----------------+-----------+------+
    | 45532fc4-661c-4030-8ca4-18f02aa2b337 | cluster1-rs1-1 | 7         |    2 |
    | 7458a98d-6f89-4dfd-bb61-5cf1dd65c121 | cluster1-rs1-2 | 7         |    2 |
    | b37634fb-e33c-4846-8fe8-cf2b2c95e731 | cluster1-rs1-3 | 7         |    2 |
    +--------------------------------------+----------------+-----------+------+
    

    Naming conventions for replication sets and instances. Note that the Name column displays an instance name that includes the replication set name. The replication set names and instance names are automatically generated, following these rules:

    • Replication set name. This name consists of the cluster name, followed by the string -rsn, where n is 1 for the first replication set you create, 2 for the second replication set, and so on. In this example, the cluster name is cluster1, and there is only one replication set, so the replication set name is cluster1-rs1.

    • Instance name. This name consists of the replication set name followed by the string -n, where n is 1 for the first instance in a replication set, 2 for the second instance, and so on. In this example, the instance names are cluster1-rs1-1, cluster1-rs1-2, and cluster1-rs1-3.

  4. List clusters

    List all the clusters in your system, using the openstack database cluster list command.

    $ openstack database cluster list
    +--------------------------------------+----------+-----------+-------------------+-----------+
    | ID                                   | Name     | Datastore | Datastore Version | Task Name |
    +--------------------------------------+----------+-----------+-------------------+-----------+
    | aa6ef0f5-dbef-48cd-8952-573ad881e717 | cluster1 | mongodb   | 2.4               | NONE      |
    | b8829c2a-b03a-49d3-a5b1-21ec974223ee | cluster2 | mongodb   | 2.4               | BUILDING  |
    +--------------------------------------+----------+-----------+-------------------+-----------+
    
  5. Delete a cluster

    Delete a cluster, using the openstack database cluster delete command.

    $ openstack database cluster delete CLUSTER_ID
    

Query routers and config servers

Each cluster includes at least one query router and one config server. Query routers and config servers count against your quota. When you delete a cluster, the system deletes the associated query router(s) and config server(s).

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