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Ceph Produktionsbeispiel

In diesem Abschnitt wird eine Beispielproduktionsumgebung für eine funktionierende OpenStack-Ansible-Bereitstellung (OSA) mit Hochverfügbarkeitsdiensten und die Verwendung des Ceph-Back-Ends für Abbilder, Datenträger und Instanzen beschrieben.

Diese Beispielumgebung weist die folgenden Merkmale auf:

  • Drei Infrastruktur (Kontrollebene) Hosts mit Ceph-Mon-Containern

  • Zwei Rechnerhosts

  • Drei Ceph OSD-Speicher-Hosts

  • Ein Protokollaggregationshost

  • Mehrere Netzwerkschnittstellenkarten (Network Interface Cards, NIC), die als verbundene Paare für jeden Host konfiguriert sind

  • Komplettes Compute-Kit mit dem Telemetrie-Service (Ceilometer) im Lieferumfang enthalten, wobei Ceph als Speicher-Back-End für die Image (glance) und Block Storage (Cinder) -Dienste konfiguriert ist

  • Internetzugang über die Router-Adresse 172.29.236.1 im Management-Netzwerk

../../_images/arch-layout-production-ceph.png

Integration mit Ceph

OpenStack-Ansible erlaubt Ceph storage Cluster-Integration auf zwei Arten:

  • Verbinden Sie sich mit Ihrem eigenen Ceph-Cluster, indem Sie auf seine Informationen in user_variables.yml zeigen

  • Bereitstellen eines Ceph-Clusters unter Verwendung der vom Ceph-Ansible-Projekt verwalteten Rollen. Deployer können das ceph-install-Playbook aktivieren, indem Hosts zu den Gruppen ceph-mon_hosts` `,  ` `ceph-osd_hosts und` ceph-rgw_hosts` in openstack_user_config.yml hinzugefügt werden. und dann konfigurieren Sie Ceph-Ansible spezifische vars in der OpenStack-Ansible user_variables.yml Datei.

Dieses Beispiel konzentriert sich auf die Bereitstellung von OpenStack-Ansible und seines Ceph-Clusters.

Netzwerkkonfiguration

Netzwerk CIDR / VLAN Zuweisungen

Die folgenden CIDR- und VLAN-Zuweisungen werden für diese Umgebung verwendet.

Netzwerk

CIDR

VLAN

Verwaltungsnetzwerk

172.29.236.0/22

10

Tunnel (VXLAN) Netzwerk

172.29.240.0/22

30

Speichernetzwerk

172.29.244.0/22

20

IP-Zuweisungen

Die folgenden Hostnamen und IP-Adresszuweisungen werden für diese Umgebung verwendet.

Hostname

Verwaltungs-IP

Tunnel (VxLAN) IP

Speicher-IP

lb_vip_adresse

172.29.236.9

infra1

172.29.236.11

172.29.240.11

infra2

172.29.236.12

172.29.240.12

infra3

172.29.236.13

172.29.240.13

log1

172.29.236.14

compute1

172.29.236.16

172.29.240.16

172.29.244.16

compute2

172.29.236.17

172.29.240.17

172.29.244.17

osd1

172.29.236.18

172.29.244.18

osd2

172.29.236.19

172.29.244.19

osd3

172.29.236.20

172.29.244.20

Host-Netzwerkkonfiguration

Für jeden Host müssen die richtigen Netzwerkbrücken implementiert werden. Das Folgende ist die /etc/network/interfaces Datei für `` infra1``.

Bemerkung

Wenn Ihre Umgebung nicht eth0, sondern p1p1 oder einen anderen Namen hat, stellen Sie sicher, dass alle Verweise auf eth0 in allen Konfigurationsdateien durch den entsprechenden Namen ersetzt werden. Gleiches gilt für zusätzliche Netzwerkschnittstellen.

# This is a multi-NIC bonded configuration to implement the required bridges
# for OpenStack-Ansible. This illustrates the configuration of the first
# Infrastructure host and the IP addresses assigned should be adapted
# for implementation on the other hosts.
#
# After implementing this configuration, the host will need to be
# rebooted.

# Assuming that eth0/1 and eth2/3 are dual port NIC's we pair
# eth0 with eth2 and eth1 with eth3 for increased resiliency
# in the case of one interface card failing.
auto eth0
iface eth0 inet manual
    bond-master bond0
    bond-primary eth0

auto eth1
iface eth1 inet manual
    bond-master bond1
    bond-primary eth1

auto eth2
iface eth2 inet manual
    bond-master bond0

auto eth3
iface eth3 inet manual
    bond-master bond1

# Create a bonded interface. Note that the "bond-slaves" is set to none. This
# is because the bond-master has already been set in the raw interfaces for
# the new bond0.
auto bond0
iface bond0 inet manual
    bond-slaves none
    bond-mode active-backup
    bond-miimon 100
    bond-downdelay 200
    bond-updelay 200

# This bond will carry VLAN and VXLAN traffic to ensure isolation from
# control plane traffic on bond0.
auto bond1
iface bond1 inet manual
    bond-slaves none
    bond-mode active-backup
    bond-miimon 100
    bond-downdelay 250
    bond-updelay 250

# Container/Host management VLAN interface
auto bond0.10
iface bond0.10 inet manual
    vlan-raw-device bond0

# OpenStack Networking VXLAN (tunnel/overlay) VLAN interface
auto bond1.30
iface bond1.30 inet manual
    vlan-raw-device bond1

# Storage network VLAN interface (optional)
auto bond0.20
iface bond0.20 inet manual
    vlan-raw-device bond0

# Container/Host management bridge
auto br-mgmt
iface br-mgmt inet static
    bridge_stp off
    bridge_waitport 0
    bridge_fd 0
    bridge_ports bond0.10
    address 172.29.236.11
    netmask 255.255.252.0
    gateway 172.29.236.1
    dns-nameservers 8.8.8.8 8.8.4.4

# OpenStack Networking VXLAN (tunnel/overlay) bridge
#
# The COMPUTE, NETWORK and INFRA nodes must have an IP address
# on this bridge.
#

auto br-vxlan
iface br-vxlan inet static
    bridge_stp off
    bridge_waitport 0
    bridge_fd 0
    bridge_ports bond1.30
    address 172.29.240.16
    netmask 255.255.252.0

# OpenStack Networking VLAN bridge
auto br-vlan
iface br-vlan inet manual
    bridge_stp off
    bridge_waitport 0
    bridge_fd 0
    bridge_ports bond1

# compute1 Network VLAN bridge
#auto br-vlan
#iface br-vlan inet manual
#    bridge_stp off
#    bridge_waitport 0
#    bridge_fd 0
#
# For tenant vlan support, create a veth pair to be used when the neutron
# agent is not containerized on the compute hosts. 'eth12' is the value used on
# the host_bind_override parameter of the br-vlan network section of the
# openstack_user_config example file. The veth peer name must match the value
# specified on the host_bind_override parameter.
#
# When the neutron agent is containerized it will use the container_interface
# value of the br-vlan network, which is also the same 'eth12' value.
#
# Create veth pair, do not abort if already exists
#    pre-up ip link add br-vlan-veth type veth peer name eth12 || true
# Set both ends UP
#    pre-up ip link set br-vlan-veth up
#    pre-up ip link set eth12 up
# Delete veth pair on DOWN
#    post-down ip link del br-vlan-veth || true
#    bridge_ports bond1 br-vlan-veth

# Storage bridge (optional)
#
# Only the COMPUTE and STORAGE nodes must have an IP address
# on this bridge. When used by infrastructure nodes, the
# IP addresses are assigned to containers which use this
# bridge.
#
auto br-storage
iface br-storage inet manual
    bridge_stp off
    bridge_waitport 0
    bridge_fd 0
    bridge_ports bond0.20

# compute1 Storage bridge
#auto br-storage
#iface br-storage inet static
#    bridge_stp off
#    bridge_waitport 0
#    bridge_fd 0
#    bridge_ports bond0.20
#    address 172.29.244.16
#    netmask 255.255.252.0

Bereitstellungskonfiguration

Umgebungslayout

Die Datei /etc/openstack_deploy/openstack_user_config.yml definiert das Umgebungslayout.

Die folgende Konfiguration beschreibt das Layout für diese Umgebung.

---
cidr_networks: &cidr_networks
  container: 172.29.236.0/22
  tunnel: 172.29.240.0/22
  storage: 172.29.244.0/22

used_ips:
  - "172.29.236.1,172.29.236.50"
  - "172.29.240.1,172.29.240.50"
  - "172.29.244.1,172.29.244.50"
  - "172.29.248.1,172.29.248.50"

global_overrides:
  cidr_networks: *cidr_networks
  internal_lb_vip_address: 172.29.236.9
  #
  # The below domain name must resolve to an IP address
  # in the CIDR specified in haproxy_keepalived_external_vip_cidr.
  # If using different protocols (https/http) for the public/internal
  # endpoints the two addresses must be different.
  #
  external_lb_vip_address: openstack.example.com
  management_bridge: "br-mgmt"
  provider_networks:
    - network:
        container_bridge: "br-mgmt"
        container_type: "veth"
        container_interface: "eth1"
        ip_from_q: "container"
        type: "raw"
        group_binds:
          - all_containers
          - hosts
        is_container_address: true
    - network:
        container_bridge: "br-vxlan"
        container_type: "veth"
        container_interface: "eth10"
        ip_from_q: "tunnel"
        type: "vxlan"
        range: "1:1000"
        net_name: "vxlan"
        group_binds:
          - neutron_linuxbridge_agent
    - network:
        container_bridge: "br-vlan"
        container_type: "veth"
        container_interface: "eth12"
        host_bind_override: "eth12"
        type: "flat"
        net_name: "flat"
        group_binds:
          - neutron_linuxbridge_agent
    - network:
        container_bridge: "br-vlan"
        container_type: "veth"
        container_interface: "eth11"
        type: "vlan"
        range: "101:200,301:400"
        net_name: "vlan"
        group_binds:
          - neutron_linuxbridge_agent
    - network:
        container_bridge: "br-storage"
        container_type: "veth"
        container_interface: "eth2"
        ip_from_q: "storage"
        type: "raw"
        group_binds:
          - glance_api
          - cinder_api
          - cinder_volume
          - manila_share
          - nova_compute
          - ceph-osd

###
### Infrastructure
###

_infrastructure_hosts: &infrastructure_hosts
  infra1:
    ip: 172.29.236.11
  infra2:
    ip: 172.29.236.12
  infra3:
    ip: 172.29.236.13

# nova hypervisors
compute_hosts: &compute_hosts
  compute1:
    ip: 172.29.236.16
  compute2:
    ip: 172.29.236.17

ceph-osd_hosts:
  osd1:
    ip: 172.29.236.18
  osd2:
    ip: 172.29.236.19
  osd3:
    ip: 172.29.236.20

# galera, memcache, rabbitmq, utility
shared-infra_hosts: *infrastructure_hosts

# ceph-mon containers
ceph-mon_hosts: *infrastructure_hosts

# ceph-mds containers
ceph-mds_hosts: *infrastructure_hosts

# ganesha-nfs hosts
ceph-nfs_hosts: *infrastructure_hosts

# repository (apt cache, python packages, etc)
repo-infra_hosts: *infrastructure_hosts

# load balancer
# Ideally the load balancer should not use the Infrastructure hosts.
# Dedicated hardware is best for improved performance and security.
haproxy_hosts: *infrastructure_hosts

# rsyslog server
log_hosts:
  log1:
    ip: 172.29.236.14

###
### OpenStack
###

# keystone
identity_hosts: *infrastructure_hosts

# cinder api services
storage-infra_hosts: *infrastructure_hosts

# cinder volume hosts (Ceph RBD-backed)
storage_hosts: *infrastructure_hosts

# glance
image_hosts: *infrastructure_hosts

# placement
placement-infra_hosts: *infrastructure_hosts

# nova api, conductor, etc services
compute-infra_hosts: *infrastructure_hosts

# heat
orchestration_hosts: *infrastructure_hosts

# horizon
dashboard_hosts: *infrastructure_hosts

# neutron server, agents (L3, etc)
network_hosts: *infrastructure_hosts

# ceilometer (telemetry data collection)
metering-infra_hosts: *infrastructure_hosts

# aodh (telemetry alarm service)
metering-alarm_hosts: *infrastructure_hosts

# gnocchi (telemetry metrics storage)
metrics_hosts: *infrastructure_hosts

# manila (share service)
manila-infra_hosts: *infrastructure_hosts
manila-data_hosts: *infrastructure_hosts

# ceilometer compute agent (telemetry data collection)
metering-compute_hosts: *compute_hosts

Umgebungsanpassungen

Die optional bereitgestellten Dateien in /etc/openstack_deploy/env.d ermöglichen die Anpassung von Ansible-Gruppen. Dadurch kann der Deployer festlegen, ob die Dienste in einem Container (Standard) oder auf dem Host (auf Metall) ausgeführt werden.

Für eine Ceph-Umgebung können Sie das Cinder-Volume in einem Container ausführen. Dazu müssen Sie eine Datei /etc/openstack_deploy/env.d/cinder.yml mit folgendem Inhalt erstellen:

---
# This file contains an example to show how to set
# the cinder-volume service to run in a container.
#
# Important note:
# When using LVM or any iSCSI-based cinder backends, such as NetApp with
# iSCSI protocol, the cinder-volume service *must* run on metal.
# Reference: https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/lxc/+bug/1226855

container_skel:
  cinder_volumes_container:
    properties:
      is_metal: false

Benutzervariablen

Die Datei /etc/openstack_deploy/user_variables.yml definiert die globalen Überschreibungen für die Standardvariablen.

Für diese Beispielumgebung konfigurieren wir einen HA-Lastenausgleich. Wir implementieren den Load Balancer (HAProxy) mit einer HA-Schicht (keepalived) auf den Infrastrukturhosts. Ihr /etc/openstack_deploy/user_variables.yml muss den folgenden Inhalt haben, um haproxy, keepalived und ceph zu konfigurieren:

---
# Because we have three haproxy nodes, we need
# to one active LB IP, and we use keepalived for that.
## Load Balancer Configuration (haproxy/keepalived)
haproxy_keepalived_external_vip_cidr: "<external_ip_address>/<netmask>"
haproxy_keepalived_internal_vip_cidr: "172.29.236.0/22"
haproxy_keepalived_external_interface: ens2
haproxy_keepalived_internal_interface: br-mgmt

## Ceph cluster fsid (must be generated before first run)
## Generate a uuid using: python -c 'import uuid; print(str(uuid.uuid4()))'
generate_fsid: false
fsid: 116f14c4-7fe1-40e4-94eb-9240b63de5c1 # Replace with your generated UUID

## ceph-ansible settings
## See https://github.com/ceph/ceph-ansible/tree/master/group_vars for
## additional configuration options available.
monitor_address_block: "{{ cidr_networks.container }}"
public_network: "{{ cidr_networks.container }}"
cluster_network: "{{ cidr_networks.storage }}"
journal_size: 10240 # size in MB
# ceph-ansible automatically creates pools & keys for OpenStack services
openstack_config: true
cinder_ceph_client: cinder
glance_ceph_client: glance
glance_default_store: rbd
glance_rbd_store_pool: images
nova_libvirt_images_rbd_pool: vms

cinder_backends:
  RBD:
    volume_driver: cinder.volume.drivers.rbd.RBDDriver
    rbd_pool: volumes
    rbd_ceph_conf: /etc/ceph/ceph.conf
    rbd_store_chunk_size: 8
    volume_backend_name: rbddriver
    rbd_user: "{{ cinder_ceph_client }}"
    rbd_secret_uuid: "{{ cinder_ceph_client_uuid }}"
    report_discard_supported: true