package-installs

package-installs

The package-installs element allows for a declarative method of installing and uninstalling packages for an image build. This is done by creating a package-installs.yaml or package-installs.json file in the element directory.

In order to work on Gentoo hosts you will need to manually install dev-python/pyyaml.

example package-installs.yaml

libxml2:
grub2:
  phase: pre-install.d
networkmanager:
  uninstall: True
os-collect-config:
  installtype: source
linux-image-amd64:
  arch: amd64
dmidecode:
  not-arch: ppc64, ppc64le
lshw:
  arch: ppc64, ppc64le
python-dev:
  dib_python_version: 2
python3-dev:
  dib_python_version: 3
package-a:
  when: DIB_USE_PACKAGE_A = 1
package-b:
  when: DIB_USE_PACKAGE_A != 1

example package-installs.json

{
"libxml2": null,
"grub2": {"phase": "pre-install.d"},
"networkmanager": {"uninstall": true}
"os-collect-config": {"installtype": "source"}
}

Setting phase, uninstall, or installtype properties for a package overrides the following default values:

phase: install.d
uninstall: False
installtype: * (Install package for all installtypes)
arch: * (Install package for all architectures)
dib_python_version: (2 or 3 depending on DIB_PYTHON_VERSION, see dib-python)

Setting the installtype property causes the package only to be installed if the specified installtype would be used for the element. See the diskimage-builder docs for more information on installtypes.

The arch property is a comma-separated list of architectures to install for. The not-arch is a comma-separated list of architectures the package should be excluded from. Either arch or not-arch can be given for one package - not both. See documentation about the ARCH variable for more information.

The when property is a simple = or != match on a value in an environment variable. If the given environment variable matches the operation and value, the package is installed. If the variable is not available in the environment, an exception is raised (thus defaults will likely need to be provided in environment.d files or similar for flags used here). For example, to install an extra package when a feature is enabled:

package:
  when: DIB_FEATURE_FLAG=1

To install package when DIB_FEATURE_FLAG=0 but other_package when DIB_FEATURE_FLAG=1 (i.e. toggle between two packages), you can use something like:

package:
  when: DIB_FEATURE_FLAG=0
other_package:
  when: DIB_FEATURE_FLAG!=0

DEPRECATED: Adding a file under your elements pre-install.d, install.d, or post-install.d directories called package-installs-<element-name> will cause the list of packages in that file to be installed at the beginning of the respective phase. If the package name in the file starts with a “-“, then that package will be removed at the end of the install.d phase.

Using post-install.d for cleanup

Package removal is done in post-install.d at level 95. If you a running cleanup functions before this, you need to be careful not to clean out any temporary files relied upon by this element. For this reason, generally post-install cleanup functions should occupy the higher levels between 96 and 99.

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